The Maltese is also called Bichon Maltese and is the most ancient toy breed of Europe. Its name is synonym to “refuge” or “port” and comes from its activities as rats hunter.
The Maltese is a small toy dog with a height of 20-25 cm and a weight of 2-3 kg, a domed skull, round dark eyes surrounded by a dark halo, a wide, black nose and low ears covered by long hair. It keeps its tail over the back and moves it to one side. It has small, round feet and a distinctive long, white, silky coat that does not shed.
It is devoted to its family, it loves its owner, is eager to learn, fearless, friendly and sociable. It loves to be in the company of its owner and has a high level of energy, so it needs regular exercise. Maltese is friendly to other pets and dogs and it is very playful and sweet with the children.
Maltese is sociable, intelligent and does not bark excessively. If it notices suspicious activity it starts to bark. It also loves to be petted all the time and to cuddle without being overly demanding of attention.
Maltese is easy to train as it loves to make its owner happy and tends to listen to commands or to obey certain instructions. It is easy to train if the trainer uses positive methods and encourages it.
Maltese is very active indoors, it enjoys play sessions as well as the walks outdoors. It can adapt very well to apartment living.
It needs to be groomed periodically and brushed daily although it doesn’t shed. Also, pay attention to the hair around the eyes. It needs to be cut regularly. Brush and clean its eyes daily. Wash and clean daily its ears, pot and feet and cut its nails twice per month.
It doesn’t need much activity to be in good shape. Its needs can be met indoors, as it can be very active.
Feed it with quality food to keep its sensitive teeth healthy.
Its life expectancy is about 12-18 years. It can be affected by heart issues such as prolapsed valve syndrome and enlarged ventricle or by dental issues. The teeth needs to be regularly cleaned and checked. Maltese is sensitive to cold and very warm weather, so it has to be protected against extreme temperatures.
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