The Havanese is a small breed named after Cuba’s capital. It has its origin in Tenerife Bichon’s breed and became the emblem of Cuba. It was the favorite breed of aristocrats and became very spoiled, being named the “silk dog”.
The Havanese has a height of 22-29 cm, a weight up to 6 kg and a life expectancy of about 15 years. It is a sturdy dog, with strong legs, dark eyes, black lips and nose, long tail carried up over the back and silky wavy to curly coat. It has double coat with soft hair on outer coat and undercoat, colored in cream, gold, white, silver, blue and black or multicolored.
It has a springy gait that shows its happy temperament, it is active, playful, affectionate, sociable, intelligent, responsive, cheerful, gentle, curious and sometimes noisy.
Havanese is easy to train if it is treated gently and can learn tricks quickly. Generally, it listen to commands. It is sensitive to the tone of voice and does not respond to harsh training methods. Also, it does not respond well to training if it senses that its trainer is weaker than it. Trainer should be calm with a natural authority behavior. It is very attached to its owner and tends to be very curious and to notice everything that happens which makes it a reliable watch dog. Early socialization and a proper training make it confident and stronger, as it tends to become shy around strangers.
Havanese can adapt to any environment, including apartment living as it is active indoors.
You can keep its coat clipped short for easier maintenance. Dead hair can be removed by brushing, as it is little to no shedding. Clip the feet to look round and brush its coat regularly to avoid tangles and to remove dirt. If you apply for corded coats, pay attention to maintain its coat properly. Its lacrimal glands weep a lot, so clean its eyes frequently. Also, clean its ears regularly to avoid infections and brush its teeth weekly to prevent dental problems.
Havanese needs to be exercised daily to be in good shape. Daily walks or play sessions are very good methods to keep it fit.
Feed it with quality food in order to ensure its nutritional needs and check its teeth regularly to prevent dental issues.
Generally, Havanese is a healthy breed if it is well cared. It is prone to diseases such progressive retinal atrophy, poodle eye, juvenile heritable cataracts, Chondrodysplasia, congenital deafness, patellar luxation, Leg-Calve Perthes Disease, liver, heart or kidney issues, Sebaceous Adentis, seizures and dry skin.
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